Regenerated Cellulose fibre.
Modal fibres are a form of viscose fibres and manufactured through a complex chemical process. Modal fibres have improved wet strength over standard viscose fibres and is abrasion resistant yet soft to handle and has good drape properties. It is extremely adsorbent and breathable which combine to make garments made from the fibre comfortable.


Where it grows / Where it is made

Top countries: China - Japan - India - Philippines



Knitwear, leisurewear. ladies’ knitwear, leisurewear.


Impact on the environment

The process of manufacturing modal fabric is slightly more environmentally friendly than the viscose rayon production process. This increased environmental benefit is mainly provided by the lesser concentrations of caustic soda that are used to dissolve and purify the cellulose that is used to make this fabric.

However, the modal fabric manufacturing process still uses the step called "xanthation," which involves the application of carbon disulfide to cellulose during production. Carbon disulfide is an infamous neurotoxin, and it is introduced into the environment through the air and through the contaminated water that is produced during the rayon manufacturing process.


More sustainable alternatives



End of life possibilities

Can be disposed of using all end of life opportunities. Modal is a variant of viscose fibre, being produced using the same process but under modified conditions. It can be treated as viscose fibre. It is 100% cellulose and as such it is biodegradable. The fibre has also the potential for re-use and remanufacture. Where used as 100% there is the possibility of using the fabrics as a raw material for regenerated cellulose fibre production. When present in blends, the end of life options are reduced. However if blended with other cellulose fibres then the blend can be treated as cellulose feed stock for a regenerated cellulose process. The re-use of the non-woven viscose fabrics will depend on the way they have been manufactured.


Our opinion

Like for other regenerated cellulose fabrics, make sure to choose brands with transparent production processes. Rest easy if the brand can assure you that their fabric is made from 100% TENCEL Modal.