Jute fabric is a type of textile fiber made from the jute plant.
While there are a few different botanical varieties of jute, one of the main species used to make jute fabric is Corchorus olitorius (white jute). However, another species of jute, called Corchorus capsularis (tossa jute) is considered to be superior even though it is harder to cultivate.
Cotton takes the title of most-produced plant-based fiber, but jute is a close second. While jute isn’t very popular in the Western world, it is one of the primary textile fibers of India and neighboring countries. Jute plants grow to be over 10 feet high, and the fibers derived from these plants are harvested in a single long string. Therefore, jute fibers are among the longest natural textile fibers in the world.
Where it grows / Where it is made
Top countries: India - China - Bangladesh
Jute is a relatively rough fiber, which means that it isn’t well-suited for apparel applications unless it goes through an extensive production process. Instead, jute’s roughness and durability make it ideal for industrial applications. Most types of jute fabric are loose with woven networks of thick yarn.
Some of its application: Bags, ropes, agricultural erosion prevention, sapling bags, upholstery, carpet, rugs, linoleum backing, curtains, canvas, sweaters, cardigans, ghillie suits
Impact on the environment
Producing jute is a very natural process unless it is dyed or "improved". Indeed, once jute fiber has been spun into yarn, it may be subjected to a variety of chemical processes to dye it, provide it with water resistance, or make it fire-resistant. Then, the finished reels of jute fiber are shipped out to textile production facilities to be woven into apparel or industrial textiles.
More sustainable alternatives
Jute has an overall positive impact on the environment. In fact, it is one of the few natural fibers that actually provides environmental benefits instead of being detrimental. For its applications, it is one of the best alternatives.
End of life possibilities
Like all natural textile fibers, jute is biodegradable. Therefore, it does not accumulate in the environment, and it does not release microfibers. All disposal methods for jute, including burning, produce a negligible environmental impact.
For its applications, it is one of the best alternatives. Try to go for natural color (brownish) jute items.